Tokuda Hospital Sofia

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Risk factors and behaviour during infarction

Risk factors and prophylaxes

There are two main groups of risk factors, which lead to increasing the danger of cardio-vascular incident. There are factors that you can alter and ones you cannot influence:

The main infarction risk factors that can be controlled, cured or limited by yourself are:

  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Hypertension
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Obesity and weight above the standards
  • Diabetes
  • Stress

Main infarction risk factors that cannot be altered:

  • Heredity
  • Getting on the age or getting old

Around 85% of the people in the world, who die from heart diseases, are 65 or older

The male sex

Men are subject to higher risk of infarction in earlier age and more often in comparison with women.

Thus it is recommended people who experience controllable or non-controllable risk factors to visit cardiologist at least once a year for a consultation and prophylaxes of cardio-vascular incident risk.

Symptoms and behavior during infarction

The most widespread and life threatening emergency cardio-vascular disease is the myocardium infarction. It happens because of oxygen shortage of the heart muscle. This results in damage of the myocardium and dying of part of its tissue.

Most of the infarctions are caused by blood curds or torn atherosclerotic plaques, which block the coronary arteries. If the blood flow is not recovered as fast as possible irreversible changes happen, which leads to severe damage, disablement, and even death?

That’s why it is important to know the symptoms, in order to look for a timely and quality medical help:

Infarction symptoms

The most typical symptoms of infarction include:

  • Pain in the chest, defined as feeling for tightening, pressure or jam
  • Pain in other body parts (typically in the left arm, towards the neck and the jaw)
  • Hard breathing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Disorder of the heart rhythm
  • Cold sweat
  • Collapse
  • Panic fear

Some other various symptoms are also observed:

  • Pain in the upper part of the stomach
  • Pain in the upper part of the back
  • General  illness
  • The myocardium infarction can happen without any symptoms

Infarction behavior

If you have doubts that you or someone around you is experiencing infarction, don’t hesitate and call immediately 112 or The Emergency room. The time to the start of the invasive treatment is from extreme importance and every single minute delay increase the risk for death or disablement.

Tokuda Hospital Sofia is included in the list of Hospitals for reception of emergency cardio-vascular conditions and has 7 days a week, 365 days a year full readiness to give timely and contemporary medical help. We offer the service for transportation with ambulance from patients’ homes to the hospital, emergency evaluation of the patient’s condition and lifesaving interventional procedure. You can call our emergency medical teams 24/7 at 02/403 41 50.

Department

Cardiology

Cardiology Consultations

In-patinet Care

Angiographic Labs

Electrophysiology

Risk factors and behaviou…

Ischaemic Heart Disease

Team

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Hospital location

51B "Nikola I. Vaptsarov" blvd. (if you drive, the entrance is from "At. Dukov" str.), "Hladilnika" distr., 1407 "Lozenets".

The hospital has a parking lot. The first 30 min. are free of charge, then a fee of 3 bgn/hours applies.

Public transport:
Buses: №88, 120
Shuttle bus: 32

Subway: Getting off at "James Bourchier" station, after that walking through "Lozenets" distr., or tram №10, taking off at "Nikola I. Vaptsarov" stop. or a bus №88, taking ff at "Tokuda Hospital" stop.

Map 

From the Central Railway Station

Bus line №305 getting off at "Romanian embassy" stop
From "Romanian embassy" stop – Bus line №120 getting off at "Tokuda Hospital" stop.
(after the traffic lights at "Atanas Dukov" str.

With a subway, from "Central Railway Station" station, getting off at "James Bourchier" station, after that walking through "Lozenets" distr., or tram №10, taking off at "Nikola I. Vaptsarov" stop. or a bus №88, taking ff at "Tokuda Hospital" stop.